UTILITY PER TUTTI

II PARTE

 

Distanze chilometriche italiane

  Bari Bologna Bolzano Firenze Genova Milano Napoli Palermo Roma Torino Trieste Venezia  
Agrigento 764 1445 1714 1375 1599 1663 841 136 1073 1773 1719 1570 Agrigento
Alassio 1064 383 497 366 98 248 856 1667 624 167 634 485 Alassio
Ancona 475 210 479 255 495 428 410 1209 294 548 484 335 Ancona
Aosta 1081 390 451 526 256 182 1014 1825 782 126 594 466 Aosta
Arezzo 691 191 482 85 353 409 478 1289 246 527 499 350 Arezzo
Assisi 596 296 587 190 458 514 407 1218 175 632 560 411 Assisi
Bari - 681 950 784 966 899 322 734 482 1019 955 806 Bari
Bergamo 904 229 230 335 214 58 869 1638 637 181 374 238 Bergamo
Bologna 681 - 291 106 285 218 640 1415 408 338 308 159 Bologna
Bolzano 950 291 - 397 399 276 931 1684 699 408 337 225 Bolzano
Brescia 852 177 178 283 224 98 817 1586 585 229 322 186 Brescia
Canazei 952 334 51 440 442 319 974 1686 742 451 283 189 Canazei
Caserta 350 619 910 513 737 837 28 839 211 911 927 778 Caserta
Catania 572 1253 1522 1183 1407 1471 649 253 881 1581 1527 1378 Catania
Cervinia 1064 393 454 529 259 185 1017 1828 785 129 597 461 Cervinia
Chianciano 678 251 542 145 371 469 428 1239 196 545 559 410 Chianciano
Como 947 266 283 372 204 48 906 1681 674 171 430 294 Como
Cortina 955 308 109 414 500 377 948 1689 716 509 225 165 Cortina
Cosenza 271 952 1221 882 1106 1170 348 463 580 1280 1226 1077 Cosenza
Cremona 837 156 224 262 175 85 796 1571 564 221 361 212 Cremona
Ferrara 694 47 256 153 321 245 687 1428 455 381 261 112 Ferrara
Firenze 784 106 397 - 268 324 534 1345 302 442 414 265 Firenze
Genova 966 285 399 268 - 156 758 1569 526 174 536 387 Genova
L'Aquila 424 423 692 352 598 641 261 1072 144 772 697 548 L'Aquila
Lecce 154 835 1104 938 1120 1053 449 752 636 1173 1109 960 Lecce
Loreto 449 236 505 281 521 454 384 1183 277 574 510 361 Loreto
Lucca 817 142 413 72 193 293 567 1378 335 367 449 300 Lucca
Mantova 786 111 189 217 243 153 761 1520 519 289 293 144 Mantova
Matera 66 931 1016 825 1032 965 291 668 523 1085 1021 872 Matera
Merano 978 319 28 425 427 304 959 1712 727 436 365 253 Merano
Messina 476 1157 1426 1087 1311 1375 553 258 785 1485 1431 1282 Messina
Milano 899 218 276 324 156 - 858 1633 626 139 420 284 Milano
Modena 720 39 252 145 246 179 679 1454 447 269 336 187 Modena
  Bari Bologna Bolzano Firenze Genova Milano Napoli Palermo Roma Torino Trieste Venezia  
Montecatini 811 112 403 48 221 321 561 1372 329 395 420 271 Montecatini
Napoli 322 640 931 534 758 858 - 811 232 932 948 799 Napoli
Ortisei 986 327 36 433 435 312 967 1720 735 444 300 219 Ortisei
Orvieto 608 311 602 205 431 529 358 1169 126 605 619 470 Orvieto
Padova 769 122 188 228 350 247 762 1503 530 378 186 37 Padova
Palermo 734 1415 1684 1345 1569 1633 811 - 1043 1743 1689 1540 Palermo
Parma 771 90 256 196 195 128 730 1505 498 248 360 211 Parma
Pavia 884 203 278 309 121 35 843 1618 611 136 436 287 Pavia
Perugia 612 270 561 164 432 488 408 1219 176 606 543 394 Perugia
Piacenza 831 150 257 256 142 68 790 1565 558 188 394 245 Piacenza
Pisa 818 162 434 92 190 290 568 1379 334 366 470 321 Pisa
Ravenna 620 77 330 136 362 295 555 1354 375 415 335 186 Ravenna
Reggio Calabria 490 1171 1440 1101 1325 1389 567 272 799 1499 1445 1296 Reggio Calabria
Rimini 568 113 382 158 398 331 503 1302 337 451 387 238 Rimini
Riva 885 210 103 316 299 173 850 1619 618 304 299 163 Riva
Roma 482 408 690 302 526 626 232 1043 - 700 716 567 Roma
Salerno 269 693 984 587 811 911 53 758 285 985 1001 852 Salerno
Salsomaggiore 803 122 276 228 211 114 762 1537 530 234 392 243 Salsomaggiore
Sanremo 1112 431 545 414 146 296 904 1715 672 212 682 533 Sanremo
Santa Margherita 936 255 421 238 32 188 728 1539 496 206 525 376 Santa Margherita
Sestriere 1099 416 500 522 252 231 1010 1821 778 92 643 507 Sestriere
Siena 714 176 467 70 296 394 464 1275 232 470 484 335 Siena
Siracusa 648 1329 1598 1259 1483 1547 725 322 957 1657 1603 1454 Siracusa
Stresa 978 297 347 403 215 79 937 1712 705 132 491 355 Stresa
Taormina 526 1207 1476 1137 1361 425 603 266 835 1535 1481 1332 Taormina
Taranto 87 768 1037 871 1053 986 365 668 569 1106 1402 893 Taranto
Torino 1019 338 408 442 174 139 932 1743 702 - 551 415 Torino
Trento 892 233 58 339 341 218 873 1626 641 349 279 167 Trento
Trieste 955 308 338 414 536 420 948 1689 716 551 - 165 Trieste
Udine 923 276 283 382 504 384 916 1657 684 515 68 133 Udine
Urbino 565 184 453 194 462 402 500 1299 271 522 458 309 Urbino
Varese 955 274 310 380 213 56 914 1689 682 144 457 321 Varese
Venezia 806 159 225 265 387 284 899 1540 567 415 165 - Venezia
Verona 800 141 150 247 282 164 781 1534 549 295 256 120 Verona
Viareggio 839 169 413 99 169 269 589 1400 357 343 477 328 Viareggio
Vicenza 802 155 154 261 332 214 795 1536 563 345 206 70 Vicenza
Viterbo 563 327 618 221 447 545 313 1124 81 621 635 486 Viterbo
  Bari Bologna Bolzano Firenze Genova Milano Napoli Palermo Roma Torino Trieste Venezia  

 

Feste nazionali

  Austria Belgio Svizzera Germania Danimarca Spagna Francia Gran Bretagna Italia Norvegia Olanda Svezia
Capodanno X X X X X X X X X X X X
Epifania X     X   X     X     X
S. Giuseppe (19/3)           X            
Giovedý Santo         X X       X   X
Venerdý Santo     X X X X   X     X X
Pasqua X X X X X X X X X X X X
Lunedý dell'Angelo X X X X X X X X X X X X
Anniversario della Liberazione (25/4)                 X      
Festa del Lavoro X X   X   X X   X X   X
Ascensione X X X X X   X     X X X
Pentecoste X X X X X X X X X X X X
Lunedý di Pentecoste X X   X X   X     X X X
Spring Holiday (ultimo lunedý di maggio)               X        
Corpus Domini X     X   X            
Festa Nazionale (metÓ giugno)       X                
Festa Tradizionale (fine giugno)                       X
SS. Pietro e Paolo           X            
Festa Nazionale (14/7)             X          
Festa Nazionale (metÓ luglio)           X            
Festa Nazionale (21/7)   X                    
S. Giacomo           X            
Assunzione (15/8) X X       X X   X      
Late summer Holiday (ultimo lunedý di agosto)               X        
Festa Nazionale (12/10)           X            
Festa Nazionale (26/10) X                      
Ognissanti X X   X   X X   X     X
Festa dell'Armistizio (11/11)   X         X          
Buss und Bettag (mercoledý metÓ novembre)       X                
Immacolata Concezione X         X     X      
Natale X X X X X X X X X X X X
S. Stefano X     X X     X X X X X
  Austria Belgio Svizzera Germania Danimarca Spagna Francia Gran Bretagna Italia Norvegia Olanda Svezia

 

Documenti e formalitÓ per l'estero

Nazione Carta d'identitÓ Passaporto Visto consolare Patente di guida Libretto per autoveicolo Assicurazione Documenti doganali
Auto e moto Rimorchi, campeggio e portabagagli Autocarri, rimorchi Imbarcazioni
Argentina   X   INT. NAZ. SI SI SI NO NO
Austria X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Benelux (B, NL, LUX) X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Brasile   X   INT. NAZ. SI VIET. VIET. VIET. VIET.
Bulgaria   X X NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Colombia   X   INT. NAZ. SI SI NO NO NO
Danimarca*   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Egitto (RAU)   X X INT. NAZ. SI SI SI SI SI
Finlandia*   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Francia X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Germania X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Gran Bretagna* X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Grecia X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Irlanda (EIRE)*   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Israele   X   INT. NAZ. SI SI SI SI SI
Malta*   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO SI NO
Marocco   X   INT. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Norvegia   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Polonia*   X X NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Portogallo X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Romania   X X NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Spagna X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Svezia X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Svizzera X     NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Tunisia   X   INT. NAZ. SI NO NO NO NO
Turchia*   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI NO NO SI NO
Uruguay   X   INT. NAZ. SI SI SI SI SI
Usa   X   NAZ. NAZ. SI SI - - -
Venezuela   X   INT. NAZ. SI SI NO NO NO
Legenda:

NAZ.: sono sufficienti la patente di guida e il libretto di circolazione nazionali. Per i paesi extracomunitari le indicazioni riguardano soltanto le autovetture private, i motocicli (con o senza carrozzini), per scopi turistici.

INT.: occorrono i permessi internazionali (patente di guida internazionale, libretto internazionale per autoveicoli).

VIET.: importazione vietata.

* per Danimarca, Finlandia, Gran Bretagna, Irlanda (EIRE), Malta, Polonia e Turchia; fino a tre mesi di permanenza Ŕ sufficiente la carta d'identitÓ.

N.B.: queste notizie sono suscettibili di variazioni in qualsiasi momento. ╚ perci˛ consigliabile rivolgersi sempre all'Automobile Club (ufficio dogane).

 

VelocitÓ dei sistemi di collegamento (documento originale in inglese)

Sistema di collegamento VelocitÓ Intermediario fisico Applicazioni
 
GSM mobile telephone service 9,6 to 14,4 Kbps RF in space (wireless) Mobile telephone for business and personale use
HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data) up to v90 Kbps RF in space (wireless) Mobile telephone for business and personale use
POTS regular telephone service up to 56 Kbps Twisted-pair Home and small business access
Dedicated 56 Kbps on Relay 56 Kbps Various Business email with fairly large file attachments
DS0 64 Kbps All The base signal on a channel in the set of Digital Signal levels
GPRS (General Packet Radio System) 56 to 114 Kbps RF in space (wireless) Mobile telephone for business and personal use
ISDN BRI: 64 to 128 Kbps

PRI: 23 (T-1) or 30 (E-1) assignable 64 Kbps channels plus control channel; up to 1,544 Mbps (T-1) or 2,048 (E-1)

BRI: Twisted-pair

PRI: T-1 or E-1 line

BRI: Faster home and small business access

PRI: Medium and large enterprise access

ADSL 128 Kbps Twisted-pair Faster home and small business access
AppleTalk 230,4 Kbps Twisted-pair Local area network for Apple devices; several networks can be bridged; non-Apple devices can also be connected
EDGE (Enhanced Data GSM Environment) 384 Kbps RF in space (wireless) Mobile telephone for business and personal use
Satellite 400 Kbps (DirecPC) RF in space (wireless) Faster home and small enterprise access
Frame relay 56 Kbps to 1,544 Mbps Twisted-pair or coaxial cable Large company backbone for LANs to ISP; ISP to Internet infrastructure
DS1/T-1 1,544 Mbps Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber Large company to ISP; ISP to Internet infrastructure
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications Service) Up to 2 Mbps RF in space (wireless) Mobile telephone for business and personal use
E-1 2,048 Mbps Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber 32 channel European equivalent of T-1
T-1C (DS1C) 3,152 Mbps Optical fiber Large company to ISP; ISP to Internet infrastructure
Token Ring/802.5 4 Mbps (also 16 Mbps) Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber Second most commonly-used local area network after Ethernet
DS2/T-2 6,312 Mbps Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber Large company to ISP; ISP to Internet infrastructure
DSL 512 Kbps to 8 Mbps Twisted-pair (used as a digital, broadband medium) Home, small business and enterprise access using existing copper lines
E-2 8,448 Mbps Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber Carries four multiplexed E-1 signals
Cable Modem 512 Kbps to 52 Mbps (see Key and explanation) Coaxial cable (usually uses Ethernet); in some systems, telephone used for upstream requests Home, business, school access
Ethernet 10 Mbps 10BASE-T (twisted-pair);

10BASE-2 or -5 (coaxial cable);

10BASE-F (optical fiber)

Most popular business local area network (LAN)
IBM Token Ring/802.5 16 Mbps (also 4 Mbps) Twisted-pair, coaxial cable or optical fiber Second most commonly-used local area network after Ethernet
E-3 34,368 Mbps Twisted-pair or optical fiber Carries 16 E-I signals
DS3/T-3 44,736 Mbps Coaxial cable ISP to Internet infrastructure; smaller links within Internet infrastructure
OC-1 51,84 Mbps Optical fiber ISP to Internet infrastructure; smaller links within Internet infrastructure
HSSI up to 53 Mbps HSSI cable Between router hardware and WAN lines short-range (50 feet); interconnection between slower LAN devices and faster WAN lines
Fast Ethernet 100 Mbps 100BASE-T-4 (twisted-pair);

100BASE-T-X (twisted-pair);

100BASE-F-X (optical fiber)

Workstations with 10 Mbps Ethernet cards can plug into a Fast Ethernet LAN
FDDI 100 Mbps Optical fiber Large, wide-range LAN usually in a large company or a larger ISP
T-3D (DS3D) 135 Mbps Optical fiber ISP to Internet infrastructure; smaller links within Internet infrastructure
E-4 139,264 Mbps Optical fiber Carries 4 E-3 channels; up to 1.920 simultaneous voice conversations
OC-3/STM-1 155,52 Mbps Optical fiber Large company backbone; Internet backbone
E-5 565,148 Mbps Optical fiber Carries 4 E-4 channels; up to 7.680 simultaneous voice conversations
OC-12/STM-4 622,08 Mbps Optical fiber Internet backbone
Ethernet 1 Gbps Optical fiber (and "copper" up to 25 meters) Workstations/networks with 10/100 Mbps; Ethernet will plug into Gigabit Ethernet switches
OC-24 1,244 Gbps Optical fiber Internet backbone
SciNet 2,325 Gbps (15 OC-3 lines) Optical fiber Part of the vBNS backbone
OC-48/STM-16 2,488 Gbps Optical fiber Internet backbone
OC-192/STM-64 10 Gbps Optical fiber Internet backbone
OC-256 13,271 Gbps Optical fiber Internet backbone

Key and Explanations:

We use the Usa English "Kbps" as the abbreviation for "thousand of bits per second". In international English outside the Usa, the equivalent usage is "kbits s^-1" or "kbits/s".

Key: "T" = T-carrier system in Usa, Canada and Japan; "DS" = digital signal (that travels on the T-carrier or E-carrier); "E" = equivalent of "T" that uses all 8 bits per channel. Used in countries other than Usa, Canada and Japan; "OC" = optical carrier (SONET); "STM" = Synchronous Transport Modules (SDH).

Cable modem note: the upper limit of 52 Mbps on a cable is to an ISP, not currently to an individual PC. Most of today's PCs are limited to an internal design that can accomodate no more than 10 Mbps (although the PCI bus itself carries data at a faster speed). The 52 Mbps cable channel is subdivided among individual users. Obviously, the faster the channel, the fewer channels an ISP will require and the lower the cost to support an individual user.

 

Diagramma dei colori

Codice esadecimale Colore ed esempio
#000000 Black
#000080 Navy
#00008B Dark Blue
#0000CD Medium Blue
#0000FF Blue
#006400 Dark Green
#008000 Green
#008080 Teal
#008B8B Dark Cyan
#00BFFF Deep Sky Blue
#00CED1 Dark Turquoise
#00FA9A Medium Spring Green
#00FF00 Lime
#00FF7F Spring Green
#00FFFF Aqua o Cyan
#191970 Midnight Blue
#1E90FF Dodger Blue
#20B2AA Light Sea Green
#228B22 Forest Green
#2E8B22 Sea Green
#2E8B57 Dark Slate Gray
#2F4F4F Lime Green
#32CD32 Medium Sea Green
#3CB371 Turquoise
#40E0D0 Royal Blue
#4169E1 Steel Blue
#4682B4 Dark Slate Blue
#483D8B Medium Turquoise
#48D1CC Indigo
#4B0082 Dark Olive Green
#556B2F Cadet Blue
#5F9EA0 Corn Flower Blue
#6495ED Medium Aquamarine
#66CDAA Dim Gray
#696969 Slate Blue
#6A5ACD Olive Drab
#6B8E23 Slate Gray
#708090 Light Slate Gray
#778899 Medium Slate Blue
#7B68EE Chartreuse
#7FFF00 Aquamarine
#7FFFD4 Maroon
#800000 Purple
#800080 Olive
#808080 Gray
#87CEEB Sky Blue
#87CEFA Light Sky Blue
#8A2BE2 Blue Violet
#8B0000 Dark Red
#8B4513 Saddle Brown
#8FBC8F Dark Sea Green
#90EE90 Light Green
#9370DB Medium Purple
#9400D3 Dark Violet
#98FB98 Pale Green
#9932CC Dark Orchid
#9ACD32 Yellow Green
#A0522D Sienna
#A0CE00 Alice Blue
#A52A2A Brown
#A9A9A9 Dark Gray
#ADD8E6 Light Blue
#ADFF2F Green Yellow
#AFEEEE Pale Turquoise
#B0C4DE Light Steel Blue
#B0E0E6 Powder Blue
#B22222 Fire Brick
#B8860B Dark Goldenrod
#BA55D3 Medium Orchid
#BC8F8F Rosy Brown
#BD008B Dark Magenta
#BDB76B Dark Khaki
#C0C0C0 Silver
#C71585 Medium Violet Red
#CD5C5C Indian Red
#CD853F Peru
#D2691E Chocolate
#D2B486 Tan
#D3D3D3 Light Gray
#D8BFDB Thistle
#DA70D6 Orchid
#DAA520 Goldenrod
#DB7093 Pale Violet Red
#DC143C Crimson
#DCDCDC Gainsboro
#DDA0DD Plum
#DEB887 Burly Wood
#E0FFFF Light Cyan
#E6E6FA Lavender
#E9967A Dark Salmon
#EE82EE Violet
#EEE8AA Pale Goldenrod
#F08080 Light Coral
#F0E68C Khaki
#F0FFF0 Honeydew
#F0FFFF Azure
#F5DEB3 Wheat
#F5F5DC Beige
#F5F5F5 White Smoke
#F5FFFA Mint Cream
#F8F8FF Ghost White
#FAEBD7 Antique White
#FAF0E6 Linen
#FAFAD2 Light Goldenrod Yellow
#FDF5E6 Old Lace
#FF0000 Red
#FF00FF Fuschia o Magenta
#FF1493 Deep Pink
#FF4500 Orange Red
#FF6347 Tomato
#FF69B4 Hot Pink
#FF7F50 Coral
#FF8C00 Dark Orange
#FFA07A Light Salmon
#FFA500 Orange
#FFB6C1 Light Pink
#FFC0CB Pink
#FFD700 Gold
#FFDAB9 Peach Puff
#FFDEAD Navajo White
#FFE4C4 Bisque
#FFE4E1 Misty Rose
#FFEBCD Blanched Almond
#FFEFD5 Papaya Whip
#FFF0F5 Lavender Blush
#FFF5EE Sea Shell
#FFF8DC Corn Silk
#FFFACD Lemon Chiffon
#FFFAF0 Floral White
#FFFAFA Snow
#FFFF00 Yellow
#FFFFE0 Light Yellow
#FFFFF0 Ivory
#FFFFFF White

 

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